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Washington DC

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Washington DC
Washington, D.C., is the location of the national capital of the United States of America. It is situated in the mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. East Coast. Washington DC is located between the states of Maryland and Virginia, as shown in the map below. What state is Washington DC in? Washington DC is not a state. It is a small district or region of land that currently covers under 70 square miles. Under the U.S. Constitution, Washington DC is under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States Congress. Washington DC is not to be confused with State of Washington, that is 2800 miles away on the West coast of the United States and covers 71,000 sq. miles!


Washington DC - The US Capital
Washington DC was chosen by George Washington to become the capital of the United States of America after victory in the the American War of Independence (17751783). The location of the capital was a political decision and chosen to placate both the Northern and the Southern states of the new nation. 

The people in the South were concerned that the North would have too much influence if the capital was placed in a city in the north. A compromise was reached when the new federal government agreed to pay off the war debt accrued by the Northern states in return for locating the capital between the states of Maryland and Virginia, in the south.


Washington DC Map



George Washington

Washington DC - George Washington
Washington DC was chosen as the site of the national capital of America by George Washington (February 22, 1732 December 14, 1799). Washington selected a 10 square mile area of land from property in Maryland and Virginia that lay on both sides of the Potomac River.

Washington DC - Pierre "Peter" L'Enfant
George Washington became the first president of the United States in 1789 and two years later in 1791 he appointed Pierre "Peter" L'Enfant (1754 1825), a French-born American architect, to design the new capital city of America. L'Enfant designed the new capital city under the supervision of three Commissioners


Washington DC - Planning the Nation's Capital
Washington DC was a purpose built design. The plans of Pierre L'Enfant specified locations for the "Congress house" (the Capitol) and the "President's house", which would later become the White House. The location of the city was on a ridge parallel to the Potomac River and included a series of canals. L'Enfant's plans for the city included a mile long "grand avenue", which would later become the National Mall. A narrower avenue (Pennsylvania Avenue) eventually became the "grand avenue" but was originally planned in order to connect the Congress house with the President's house.

Washington DC - Naming the Nation's Capital
The federal district was named Columbia. Who was Columbia? Columbia was a quasi-mythical name used for the USA at the time of the American Revolution. The name Columbia is a feminine form of "Columbus". Columbia was visualized as a goddess-like female wearing classical Greco-Roman clothing which was decorated with the stars and stripes. The classical theme was also reflected in the design and architecture of the city. The capital was officially named "Washington" on September 9, 1791, however due to embarrassment the President never referred to it as such. He preferred  to call it "the Federal City".

Landmarks of Washington DC - The Nation's Capital
The Capital of the United States of America is one of the most famous places in the USA and has over 70 famous landmarks and monuments that have been built over the years. Washington DC attracts numerous tourists. The famous places, landmarks and monuments include the following:

Landmarks of Washington DC - The Nation's Capital

The National MallThe White HouseU S Capital BuildingsThe Washington Monument
Lincoln MemorialThe National ZooSmithsonian InstitutionLibrary of Congress
Roosevelt MemorialBlair HouseFord's TheatreFolger Shakespeare Library
Jefferson MemorialAdmiral's HouseFBI BuildingWashington National Cathedral
Albert Einstein MemorialNationals ParkArlington CemeterySupreme Court Building

Landmarks of the Nation's Capital

History and Facts about Washington DC
We hope that the above facts on the Washington DC will prove helpful to kids, school children and schools.


Washington DC for Kids

Learn the history of the US Capital
Origin, Facts, History of the capitals
US Capital of the United States of America
The District of Columbia
The Landmarks of the Nation's Capital
Facts on the history of the capital

Fast facts and info for schools, homework help kids and children

Washington DC for Kids

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