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Ohio State Flag

flag and Nickname

Big Picture of Ohio State Flag

The Ohio State Flag
The distinctive red, white and blue pennant or swallowtail shape of the State Flag of Ohio is technically known as a burgee. Within the blue triangle are 17 stars representing the order of statehood around a large white circle with a red center. The Ohio serves as a symbol of honor, heritage and regional pride and is displayed at state buildings. There is a strict Order of Precedence for flags. State Flags are displayed in order as they entered the Union.

Date entered the Union: 1803
Ohio is the 17th state
Date the flag was adopted:1902


Facts on the Ohio State Flag Etiquette
Facts and information about flying the ensign and the display of the Ohio Flag:

Ohio State Flag - Display Facts
Fact 1: It may be flown every day in the 17th state when weather permits
Fact 2: It may be flown from sunrise until sunset. If it is displayed outdoors in the "Buckeye State", it should be flown from a flagpole

Fact 3: The Ohio flag may be flown at night when properly lighted

Fact 4: The flagpole must be at least two and one-half times as long as the flag

Ohio State Flag

Ohio Flag


Ohio State Car Flags
Car Flags are often displayed to represent of an individual's allegiance to their state. Ohio State car flags are used by their owners as mobile emblems of their home. Car flags are usually made from strong materials and are attached to a car via a pole and clip window attachment.

History, Description, Colors and Symbols of the Ohio State Flag
The Ohio flag is the official identifying symbol of the state, the design of which is established by law in the constitution of the "Buckeye State". What does the flag stand for? The colors, devices and emblems displayed on the Ohio State Flag are not arbitrary but have a definite symbolic meaning. The description, history and meaning of the symbols and colors of the Ohio State Flag are as follows:

Ohio Flag

Capital: Columbus
Date of Statehood: 1 March 1803
(17th state)
"Buckeye State"
Flag Ratio: 5:8

What is the design of the Ohio state flag?  
 The design is described as a Guidon style (a military pennant of a a swallow tailed design) consisting of 5 horizontal stripes alternating between red and white. The chevron (the an inverted V-shaped pattern) is azure blue containing a white and red letter "O" and 17 white stars
The Ohio pennant is the only American state flag that is not rectangular in shape (see differences between flags below)
What does the circle symbolize?
 The large white circle with the red center represents the first letter of the state name as well as the state’s nickname "the Buckeye State."
 The nickname refers to the Ohio Buckeye trees that bear a nut that resembles the eye of a deer, or buck.
 According to the ancient laws of heraldry a buck, deer or stag is a symbol of wisdom, growth, and virility
What does the blue triangle symbolize?
 The blue triangle represents the hills and valleys of the state
What do the stripes symbolize?
 The five alternating red and white stripes represent the roads and waterways
What do the stars symbolize?
 The 17 stars represent Ohio as the 17th state to join the Union
 According to the laws of heraldry a star symbolizes honor, achievement and hope.
What are the colors and what do the colors mean, or symbolize, in heraldry?
 The color red is a symbol of hardiness, bravery, strength & valor
 The color blue symbolizes vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance & justice
 The color white is a symbol of peace and honesty
 The American combination of red, white and blue symbolizes revolution and freedom
What is the shape and flag ratio? The 'Hoist' is the width and the 'Fly' is the length.
 The ratio is 5:8 meaning it is 5 units tall for every 8 units wide.
Who designed the Ohio State Flag?
 The name of the designer was John Eisemann
What is the history of the Ohio State Flag? 
 During the early period of the Revolutionary War the emblems carried by soldiers on land were standards, rather than flags - see below
 The state flag is based on the pennant flown by the Ohio cavalry during both the Civil War (1861-1865) and 1898 Spanish-American War
 It was designed by John Eisemann for the Pan-American Exposition held in Buffalo, New York from May 1 to November 2, 1901
 The state flag was officially adopted in 1902, it is the only American state flag that is not rectangular in shape.
 2005: A special method for folding the emblem was created by Alex Weinstock, an Ohio Boy Scout, and signed into law later that year.
When was the Ohio State Flag officially adopted by the state's legislature? (Most US flags were designed in 19th & 20th centuries)
 It was officially adopted July 10, 1902
What is the Pledge of Allegiance and Salute?
  The Ohio Pledge of Allegiance is as follows:

"I salute the flag of the state of Ohio and pledge to the Buckeye State respect and loyalty."

 The salute should be made by standing at attention facing the Ohio State flag with the right hand over the heart.
The Ohio flag is kept and used as required by the code specified in the constitution of the state.

History of Flags - The Difference between Pennants and Flags
The distinctive pennant shape of the Ohio State Flag was once referred to as a 'Pennon' in heraldry. The different types and shapes are explained as follows, important and interesting facts and information about the history of the Ohio State flag:

A PennonA BannerRed Ensign Flag
Picture of a Pennon (Pennant)Picture of a BannerPicture of a flag (Red Ensign)
A Standard
Picture of a Standard
What is a Pennon or Pennant? A pennon was the name given to a long narrow streamer originally borne by ancient knights upon a lance.  A pennon is now referred to as a pennant, as in the Ohio State Flag.  The pennant shape was later adopted as military ensigns. A Pennant is a long, tapering, usually triangular flag. Because of its great length it is most often used on ships at sea
What is a Standard? A Standard is a long, tapering flag bearing heraldic devices
What is a Banner? A Banner is a piece of cloth, usually oblong, attached to a staff and used as a standard
What is a Flag? A Flag is a piece of cloth, usually rectangular although the Ohio state flag is an exception,, of distinctive color and design, used as a symbol, standard, signal, or emblem.

Designs of Flags


Ohio State Flag for Kids

Meaning & recent pictures of the Ohio State flag
"With God, all things are possible" Ohio motto
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Ohio flag Meaning, History and Symbols for kids
Meaning, symbols, design, description and history
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Meaning of the Ohio flag for schools, kids and children

Ohio State Flag for Kids

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