The Origin and Meaning of the
The American citizens who live in, or who come from
Maryland, are referred to as Marylanders. The history, origin and meaning of each of the state's nicknames are
The official nickname of the Old Line has two possible origins. The
first relates to Maryland as the dividing line between the land
grants given to William Penn and George Calvert, Lord Baltimore. The
second theory refers to the soldiers Maryland soldiers who bravely
fought in the Revolutionary War along the Maryland Line. General
George Washington referred to these soldiers as "The Old Line."
"The Monumental City" was a nickname given to Baltimore by President
John Quincy Adams at his visit in 1827 and was the inspiration for
The Cockade nickname is a reference to the War of Independence
(1775–1783). The soldiers of the Continental Army did not have
uniforms were not able to easily distinguish their commanders on the
battlefield. A cockade was a wide, knot of ribbon or a rosette worn
on the hat and these were introduced to identify the leaders of the
Continental Army. The cockade worn in Maryland consisted of a double
rosette of dark blue silk, with blue pendants, and fastened the with
the State button, and the single world "Maryland" beneath the arms.
This nickname relates to the prohibition era. Many inhabitants of
Maryland saw this prohibition of liquor as a violation of personal
Maryland named the diamondback terrapin its official reptile in
1994. The diamondback terrapin (Malaclemys terrapin) is a species of
turtle native to the coastal swamps of the eastern and southern
United States. Diamondback terrapins were greatly harvested for food
in colonial America and in Maryland the terrapins were so plentiful
that slaves protested the excessive use of this food as their main
source of protein.
The Oyster reference alludes to the highly successful oyster
industry in Maryland.