The Origin and Meaning of the
The American citizens
who live in, or who come from Texas, are referred to as Texans. The history, origin and meaning of each of the state's nicknames are
The Lone Star signifies that Texas as a former independent republic
and it also serves as a reminder of the state's struggle for
independence from Mexico.
"Remember the Alamo" - this phrase is so important to the state that
it is included on the reverse of the seal. It was once the official
motto from 1836 to 1845. The Alamo, a mission in San Antonio was the
site of a bloody siege in 1836 by Mexican forces under Santa Anna of
a handful of American rebels fighting for Texan independence from
Mexico. The Texan force of about 180, led by Colonel Jim Bowie and
including Davy Crockett, were bombarded by fire in a siege that
lasted 13 days. The Texans were nearly all killed but "Remember the
Alamo!" became a rallying cry for Texans through the remainder of
The Jumbo nickname refers to the refers to the large circus elephant
that P.T. Barnum had transported from London to the state in 1882.
Jumbo became a symbol of anything big and as Texas was the largest
state in the Union, it became known as "The Jumbo State".