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Indiana State Seal

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The Indiana State Seal
The Great Seal of the State of Indiana serves as a symbol of authenticity which verifies that government documents and papers of state are official and legal in the "Hoosier State". The Indiana state seal is also an emblem that is representative of the state's origins, history, character and ideals. The spirit of the state is reflected in the Indiana state motto:

"The Crossroads of America"

The Indiana state seal identifies government buildings and officials. The symbolism, history and emblems of the seal are described below with fast facts and information.

Indiana State Seal


Facts on the Indiana State Seal
The men who designed the Great State seals were educated in the classics and were knowledgeable of art history and symbolism of heraldry. Fast, fun facts about the history and design of the Indiana State Seal:

Indiana State Seal Facts

Fact 1: The first seal used was that of the Northwest Territories

Fact 2: The designer of the new state seal was believed to be William Harrison (1773 1841), the 9th President of the United States
Fact 3: First use in 1801
Fact 4: Adopted in 1816
Fact 5: Redesigned in 1851 and 1963

Northwest Territories seal


Indiana & the Seal for the Territory of the United States Northwest of the River Ohio
The Territory of the United States Northwest of the River Ohio (the Old Northwest) covered more than 260,000 square miles and consisted of the modern states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin, as well as northeastern Minnesota. The first recorded use of The seal of the Northwest Territory (the Old Northwest) was in a proclamation made on July 26, 1788. Congress passed legislation on May 8, 1792, that directed the U.S. Secretary of State to "provide proper seals for the several and respective public offices in the said Territories". The Great Indiana state seal was introduced when the state was admitted to the Union.

Description, Symbols, Icons and Emblems of the Indiana State Seal
The description and meaning of the symbols, icons and emblems are as follows:

The sun rising over the horizon represents that Indiana has a bright future ahead and is just beginning.
The sun is depicted rising over the Allegheny Mountains showing that Indiana is in the west.
The woodsman is wielding an ax about to cut down a sycamore tree (once a mascot of the state)
The woodsman represents civilization subduing the wilderness that was Indiana.
Around the edge of the seal is a diamond, with two dots and a leaf of the tulip tree  which is the state tree
The buffalo were once numerous in Indiana and the Buffalo Trace was a well known buffalo migration route and the early settlers used the well worn to travel west
The buffalo represents the wilderness fleeing westward away from the advancing civilization.
The ground has shoots of bluegrass, in the area of the buffalo and woodsman.
The seal is kept and used as required by the Constitution and laws of the state.

The Indiana Seal of 1876
This is an Indiana flyer showing the 1876 design of the seal. The pictures demonstrate the importance of agriculture and the pioneering spirit to the economy in the 1800's. The covered wagon pays tribute to the early settlers who travelled west across the state in search of a new life and opportunities.


Indiana State Seal for Kids

Meaning & recent pictures of the Great Seal
"The Crossroads of America" seal
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Official Indiana Nickname "Hoosier"
History and meaning for schools, kids and children

Indiana State Seal for Kids

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